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CBSE Sample Boards Papers 2019 for Class 12 Home Science
CBSE Class 12 Home Science
Home Science as the name suggests is the study of science related to home, family members, individuals and other domestic areas. Today, home science has gained immense importance due to the growing awareness among people about healthy life style and its wide application in various industries like food preservation, textile, home decoration, clothing etc. The stereotypical thinking of people of taking home science as a cooking and stitching course has been broken due to its extensive use in different industries.
Home Science has a mixture of both pure sciences and social sciences, which teaches practical, scientific and efficient use of available resources. It helps in improving human environment, management of resources, child and family development and nutrition.
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CBSE Class 12 Home Science has 2 parts. Part I is the theory paper of 70 marks of 3 hours duration and Part II is the practical of 30 marks.
CBSE Class 12 Home Science syllabus* includes:
Unit I: Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II)
A. Adolescence (12 – 18 years)
Growth & Development – Domains and principles.
Meaning, characteristics and needs.
Influences on identity formation- Physical and Biological changes-early and late matures (Role of heredity and environment), influences due to Emotional changes, influences by social, media and culture, Influences due to Cognitive changes.
Specific issues and concerns- Depression, Sex Related, Handling stress and peer pressure, Eating disorders- Causes, consequences and management–Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia.
Young & middle adulthood: Management and Understanding of new responsibilities like Family, career and marriage.
Late Adulthood/Old age: Anger management, Care for elderly (at home and outside – old age home), Health and Wellness: physical, social, emotional, financial, recreational needs
Unit II: Nutrition for Self, Family and Community
(a) Meal Planning: Meaning and importance of meal planning, principles and factors affecting meal planning; Food preferences and modifications of diets in different age groups like adults, infants, children, adolescence, elderly and in special conditions like pregnancy and lactation, Nutritional Needs
Serving size in meal planning and use of basic food groups (ICMR).
Factors influencing selection of food: family food practices, media, peer group, culture, purchasing power, individual preference, health and availability of foods.
(b) Food safety and quality:
Effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods like argemone seeds, metanil yellow, kesari dal.
Safe food handling (personal, kitchen, serving and cooking, storage.)
Safety guards against food adulteration, FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India) definition and meaning of food adulteration.
Food standards (ISI, Agmark, FPO).
Common adulterants present in cereals, milk and milk products, pulses, jaggery, sugar, spices and condiments, honey, fats and oils.
(c) Therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to nutrients, foodstuffs, consistency, frequency and methods of cooking.
(d) Modification of diet according to common ailments: hypertension, jaundice, fever, constipation, diabetes and diarrhoea. Clinical symptoms, Physiological changes, requirements and dietary requirements in these conditions.
Unit III: Money Management and Consumer Education
(a) Family Income:
Various sources of family income: money income, psychic income, real income (direct and indirect),
Need and Ways of Supplementing family income- need and procedure for maintaining daily, weekly and monthly household accounts.
(b) Savings and Investment:
Meaning and importance of savings.
Investment methods selection criteria such as tax saving, security, risk and profit.
Ways and options of investment – Insurance schemes (whole life, medi claim); Bank schemes (saving, fixed, recurring); Post Office schemes (monthly income scheme, recurring deposit, savings, National saving certificate, Senior citizen scheme) Public Provident Fund (PPF), Provident Fund (PF).
Consumer Protection and Education: Meaning, problems faced by consumer, Consumer Protection Amendment Act (2011), Consumer redressal forum, Consumer aids: labels, standardization marks (Silk mark, Hallmark, Wool mark, ECO mark), leaflets, advertising, internet.
Unit IV: Apparel: Designing, Selection and Care
Principles of design in designing apparel and Application of elements of art in designing apparel.
Selection and purchase of fabrics- purpose, season, cost, durability, quality, comfort and ease of maintenance.
Factors influencing selection of apparel- climate, size, age, figure, fashion, occasion, occupation, workmanship and drape cost.
Care and maintenance of clothes: General principles of stain removal and stain removal of tea, lipstick, coffee, grease, ball pen, blood and curry. Basic differences and utility of Cleansing agents such as soaps and detergents, Storage of clothes.
Unit V: Community Development and Extension (Part II)
Water safety: Safe drinking water, importance of potable water for good health, and its qualities, simple methods of making water safe for drinking like filtering (traditional and modern technology), boiling, use of alum, chlorine,.
Salient features of income generating schemes- MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005), DWCRA (Development of Women and Children in Rural Area).
Unit VI: Career Options after Home Science Education
- Career options of self and wage employment in various fields of Home Science.
*For complete syllabus refer to CBSE official website.
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